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From: Florian Angeletti <octa@polychoron.fr>
To: caml-list@inria.fr
Subject: Re: [Caml-list] How to use -map , -no-alias-deps and friends?
Date: Thu, 1 Aug 2019 00:07:44 +0200
Message-ID: <6480f30b-a2c3-90bc-33b3-6efa2e02f398@polychoron.fr> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190731211816.x5vj472m34cshifj@matica.foolinux.mooo.com>

Dear Ian,

As far as I can see your invocation of ocamldep in the .depend target is 
mostly fine. You may want to add `-open Aaa` too (another minor issue 
here is that `-as-map` is a global flag and does not take an argument) . 
The problem seems to come from your undisclosed linkorder script.

Note than another option to compute .depend and the link order is to use 
`codept` (available on opam) with the `-no-alias-deps` flag, which 
removes the need of declaring any map file by hand.

— octachron.

On 31/07/2019 23:18, Ian Zimmerman wrote:
> I'm having hellish time with them.
>
> I'm trying to build a simple library Aaa; let's assume bytecode only at
> this point.  It should make available submodules like Aaa.Strutils,
> Aaa.Listutils et cetera from other packages, yet when building the
> library I want cross-module references look like Strutils , Listutils et
> cetera.  This seems to be precisely the situation these knobs were meant
> for; and yet I just cannot make it work.
>
> It doesn't help that the two pieces of the manual explaining this,
> namely sections 14.2 and 8.9, are in less than perfect alignment: 8.9
> seems to suggest that the "map" file should be Aaa.ml (ie. an
> implementation file), and that there should be no corresponding
> interface file, but 14.2 shows -map mylib.mli passed to ocamldep.
>
> Here's my latest attempt.  First, the Makefile:
>
> #! /usr/bin/make -f
>
> SHELL = /bin/sh
> PATH != eval "`opam env`" ; echo "$${PATH}"
> export PATH
>
> OCAMLFLAGS = -no-alias-deps -w -49   # add other options for ocamlc here
>
> # The list of object files for AAA
> AAA_SUBMODULES != echo Aaa__*.ml
> AAA_INTERFACES = $(AAA_SUBMODULES:.ml=.mli)
>
> AAA_NATIVEOBJS != ./linkorder.sh native Aaa $(AAA_SUBMODULES) $(AAA_INTERFACES)
> AAA_BYTEOBJS != ./linkorder.sh byte Aaa $(AAA_SUBMODULES) $(AAA_INTERFACES)
>
> .PHONY: byte native
>
> byte: Aaa.cma
>
> native: Aaa.cmxa
>
> Aaa.cma: $(AAA_BYTEOBJS) Aaa.cmo
> 		ocamlc -a -o Aaa.cma $(OCAMLFLAGS) $(AAA_BYTEOBJS) Aaa.cmo
>
> Aaa.cmxa: $(AAA_NATIVEOBJS) Aaa.cmx
> 		ocamlopt -a -o Aaa.cmxa $(OCAMLFLAGS) $(AAA_NATIVEOBJS) Aaa.cmx
>
> # Common rules
> .SUFFIXES: .ml .mli .cmo .cmi .cmx
>
> .ml.cmo:
> 		ocamlc $(OCAMLFLAGS) -open Aaa -c $<
>
> .ml.cmx:
> 		ocamlopt $(OCAMLFLAGS) -open Aaa -c $<
>
> Aaa.cmo: Aaa.ml
> 		ocamlc $(OCAMLFLAGS) -c Aaa.ml
>
> Aaa.cmx: Aaa.ml
> 		ocamlopt $(OCAMLFLAGS) -c Aaa.ml
>
> .mli.cmi:
> 		ocamlc $(OCAMLFLAGS) -open Aaa -c $<
>
> # Dependencies
> .depend: Makefile $(AAA_INTERFACES) $(AAA_SUBMODULES) Aaa.ml
> 		ocamldep -map Aaa.ml $(AAA_INTERFACES) $(AAA_SUBMODULES) -as-map Aaa.ml > .depend
>
> include .depend
>
> # Test suite
> RunTests: Aaa.cma RunTests.ml
> 		ocamlfind ocamlc -package qcheck-core -package qcheck-core.runner -o RunTests -linkpkg Aaa.cma RunTests.ml
>
> .PHONY: clean test
>
> test: RunTests
> 		./RunTests
>
> clean:
> 		rm -f *.cma *.cmxa *.cmo *.o *.cmx *.cmi .depend RunTests
>
> # makefile ends here
>
> Here's Aaa.ml:
>
> module Colorspec = Aaa__Colorspec
> module Exnutils = Aaa__Exnutils
> module HashedString = Aaa__HashedString
> module Ioutils = Aaa__Ioutils
> module Listutils = Aaa__Listutils
> module Resultx = Aaa__Resultx
> module Sm = Aaa__Sm
> module Strutils = Aaa__Strutils
>
> ... and in this iteration, there is no Aaa.mli.
>
> This produces the following output:
>
>   matica!91 aaa$ make
> Fatal error: exception Failure("Aaa.mli : empty map file or parse error")
> Fatal error: exception Failure("Aaa.mli : empty map file or parse error")
> ocamldep -map Aaa.ml Aaa__Colorspec.mli Aaa__Exnutils.mli Aaa__HashedString.mli Aaa__Ioutils.mli Aaa__Listutils.mli Aaa__Resultx.mli Aaa__Sm.mli Aaa__Strutils.mli Aaa__Colorspec.ml Aaa__Exnutils.ml Aaa__HashedString.ml Aaa__Ioutils.ml Aaa__Listutils.ml Aaa__Resultx.ml Aaa__Sm.ml Aaa__Strutils.ml -as-map Aaa.ml > .depend
> Fatal error: exception Failure("Aaa.mli : empty map file or parse error")
> Fatal error: exception Failure("Aaa.mli : empty map file or parse error")
> ocamlc -no-alias-deps -w -49    -c Aaa.ml
> ocamlc -a -o Aaa.cma -no-alias-deps -w -49     Aaa.cmo
>   matica!92 aaa$ ls
> Aaa.cma		   Aaa__Colorspec.mli	  Aaa__Ioutils.ml     Aaa__Resultx.mli	 LICENSE	   install.sh
> Aaa.cmi		   Aaa__Exnutils.ml	  Aaa__Ioutils.mli    Aaa__Sm.ml	 META		   linkorder.sh
> Aaa.cmo		   Aaa__Exnutils.mli	  Aaa__Listutils.ml   Aaa__Sm.mli	 Makefile
> Aaa.ml		   Aaa__HashedString.ml   Aaa__Listutils.mli  Aaa__Strutils.ml	 ORIGINAL_VERSION
> Aaa__Colorspec.ml  Aaa__HashedString.mli  Aaa__Resultx.ml     Aaa__Strutils.mli  RunTests.ml
>
> So, an archive file gets created, but obviously doesn't contain any real
> code.
>
> Virtual hugs for setting me on the right path.
>


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-07-31 21:18 Ian Zimmerman
2019-07-31 21:52 ` Nicolás Ojeda Bär
2019-08-06 18:48   ` Ian Zimmerman
2019-08-07 20:32     ` [Caml-list] opam and dune [Was: How to use -map] Ian Zimmerman
2019-08-08  1:39       ` Rudi Grinberg
2019-08-08 17:48         ` Hendrik Boom
2019-08-08 17:54           ` Rudi Grinberg
2019-08-08 19:38             ` Daniel Bünzli
2019-11-15  0:32         ` Ian Zimmerman
2019-08-08 18:05       ` Yawar Amin
2019-08-08 19:03         ` Josh Berdine
2019-07-31 22:08 ` Florian Angeletti [this message]
2019-07-31 23:15   ` [Caml-list] How to use -map , -no-alias-deps and friends? Ian Zimmerman
2019-08-01  9:40     ` Florian Angeletti

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